Estepona is a Spanish municipality of the province of Malaga, in the autonomous community of Andalusia. It is located in the southwestern part of the province and is integrated in the region of the Western Costa del Sol, in the commonwealth of homonymous municipalities3 and in the judicial party that bears its name.4

Its municipal term has a surface of 137 km ² that extend along 23 km of coast and they penetrate in the interior covering a fertile valley crossed by small streams and a mountainous zone dominated by Sierra Bermeja, that reaches the 1,449 msnm in The peak of Los Reales. The population of the municipality is located in 70,500 inhabitants registered in 2014 and is characterized by its multicultural composition.

Estepona is a popular tourist destination, especially during the summer due to its Mediterranean climate and its beaches. Along with tourism, construction has been an important pillar for the municipal economy. It also has a small and scarce fishing and agricultural activity.

The origin of Estepona is discussed. Some hypotheses based on the existence of an important Iberian city with a natural port, make us think of the Iberian oppidum of Salduba as the settlement of ancient times closest to the present-day Estepona. Already in Muslim times it is known the existence of a fortress denominated al-Extebunna, appearing for the first time the toponym that gives name to the city.